โดยกรมส่งเสริมคุณภาพสิ่งแวดล้อม

Urban Farming

11
Aug

Urban Farming

Urban agriculture

Urban agriculture (UA) is defined as the producing, processing and marketing of food, plant- and animal-sourced pharmaceuticals, fibre and fuel within executing intensive production methods and reusing and recycling natural resources and urban wastes, on land and water dispersed throughout the urban and peri-urban areas (Smit et al.,1996; Pearson et al, 2011). Urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) is an essential component of the urban socio-economic and ecological system. UPA relies on urban resources (land, labor and urban perishable wastes) and urban conditions (urban policies and regulations, high competition for land, urban markets, prices, etc.) to maintain urban food security to urban citizens, including alleviating the poor and having impacts in ecology and health (Mougeot, 2000).

สวนผักบนดาดฟ้าเพื่อการพึ่งพาตนเองของคนเมือง/Urban Rooftop Farm for self-sufficient lifestyle

UPA integrates dimensions of urban economic and ecology system, and build up sustainable and resilient cities. Pearson et al (2011) discuss that urban agriculture can be designed for different purposes depending on it scale: micro or macro. Law, social and economic constraints and opportunities are analyzed in this paper. Resource scarcity, urban population pressure and climate change require good management of cities to handle. Besides, knowledge and institutional structures are important elements for opportunities. UPA can provide social, economic and environmental advantages as key scientific knowledge. Social aspects can be seen as food security and food access; diet and health; personal well-being, psychological purpose and fitness; sense of place; aesthetics; social inter-actions and community building; personal skills; urban planning; employ and income; and gender equity. Economic aspects can be divined to highest productive use of land, employment and income in urban agriculture added (aggregate benefits to society), diversified industry based in cities, and energy transport as food miles. Environmental aspects can be considered as waste recycling, urban heat and air quality, Carbon sequestration, wastewater recycling and health, malaria, noise, odor, light, and pesticides.

Urban agriculture scales are various from entirely subsistence-oriented sorts of UPA at the micro scale, over small-scale semi-commercial gardeners and livestock keepers, to medium- and large-scale completely commercial business. In developing countries, the family farm can be found frequently as UPA practice in many cities. Many poor households plant crops for self-consumption and sell on the market to make additional income (Moustier & Danso, 2006).  De Zeeuw, Van Veenhuizen & Dubbeling (2010) conclude that UPA is crucially one of urban development mechanism which called ‘poly-centric urban development’ (Hall & Pain, 2009). It refers to a spatial and economic urban development model. These approaches stress on a region urban system which complements multi-functional roles including green infrastructures. Within the poly-centric urban regions, there are three major types of UPA might be potential:

  1. Micro-scale urban agriculture as an integrated part of social housing and slum development projects and in vacant intra-urban open spaces (such as neighborhood greening, home/school/community gardening and small-scale animal raising along railway, under power lines. This scale can provides food accessibility and food security to the poor in slum areas.
  2. Small-scale multi-functional agriculture and agro-forestry in urban green corridors and peri-urban areas (soil based), including flood and earthquake-prone zone, steep slopes, area with special ecological or scape values. This scale is related to food production, reuse of composted urban wastes, storm water storage, recreation and biodiversity.
  3. Clusters of intensive and high technology agriculture (not soil based), as well as large scale intensive pig, poultry, and fish farming, intensive horticulture in high-technology green houses and associated to argo-industry. This scale usually synergizes several elements of the cluster by reusing by-products. All three scales of UPA are various via groups of stakeholders, types of production and rational for involvement.

Community Garden / Modified by ERM-Siam Co., Ltd.

Urban farming in Thailand

There are many ongoing urban farming projects in Thailand that support urban people in Bangkok and other big cities in Thailand do their own urban farming to promote self-sufficient living and sustainable consumption for Thai people.

  • Thai city farm is activated by Sustainable Agriculture Foundation Thailand (www.sathai.org). This organization has cooperated with urban farming learning centre Veggie Prince and other sustainable organization to promote the urban farming project in Thailand.
  • How to joinwww.thaicityfarm.comwww.facebook.com/thaicityfarm, Tel: 02-591-1195-6, Email: cityfarm2010@hotmail.com

  • Picture source: www.sarakadee.com
    • Veggie Prince or Nakorn “Prince” Limpacuptathavon is well known as an urban farming practitioner. He has been fascinated with urban farming in his own house. Join him to learn how to grow your own food, Veggie Prince can teach you essential growing techniques such as making organic fertilizer and pesticide.
    • How to join: Join him at Urban farming learning centre by Veggie Prince. Veggie Prince holds classes once a month on Saturday. Contact him directly to set the date and time if you’re interested in learning. Call 081-867-2042 or www.facebook.com/prince.cityfarm



    Bangkok Farmer’s Market  Picture source: https://bangkok.oneplace.events/activities/bangkok-farmers-market-gateway-ekamai-3
    • BANGKOK FARMERS’ MARKET aims to create a sustainable community in Bangkok that share sustainability knowledge to develop a better quality of life and work towards sustainability for the future generations.
    • How to join: Subscribe their activities and the weekend marker via www.bkkfm.com, www.facebook.com/bkkfm

     

    Source:

    • De Zeeuw, H., van Veenhuizen, R., & Dubbeling, M. (2011). The role of urban agriculture in building resilient cities in developing countries. Journal Of Agricultural Science, 149153-163.
    • Moustier, p. & danso, G. (2006). Local economic development and marketing of urban produced food. In Cities Farming for the Future: Urban Agriculture for Green and Nations Development Programme on Urban Agriculture (Eds N. Bakker, M. Dubbeling, S. Gündel, U. Sabel-Koschella & H. De Zeeuw), pp. 99–117. Feldafing, Germany: DSE/ETC.
    • Mougeot, L. J. A. (2000). Urban agriculture: definition, presence, potentials and risks. In growing cities, growing food: urban agriculture on the policy agenda. A reader

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