‘Low carbon’ definition
‘Low carbon’ – carbon is referred to the carbon dioxide equivalent – is defined as global GHG emissions pathways which maintain GHG concentration in the atmosphere at levels recognized not to be ‘dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Low Carbon Society (LCS) is a society where people are (mostly) collaborating to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emissions in any forms or in various activities emitting from daily life and from production process of the factory or industry. In order to live together in a society with a better quality of life, LCS is the pathway to encourage people to have the quality of life in society caused by the environment with lower carbon content and the people in society is closely linked with the technology application or development, which is environmentally friendly. Importantly, it is the must to be a society with urban planning in line with the ecological balance, so a low carbon society looks like this (Figure below):
- Society to help reduction of energy demand;
- Society to avoid using fossil fuels or oils, and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions; and
- Society must have measures of energy security and require the public participation to discuss the needs of all people groups.
In addition to the all cooperation of GHG reduction, the management by Area based approach is also important by focusing on the city which set the goal of GHG reduction from the former that never have GHG emission management system. Presently, the concentration of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere is above 400 ppmv and trend to increase. Therefore, as the target to do not rise the global temperature more than 2 ◦C, the concentration of GHG must not exceed than 450 ppm CO2e.