The final draft of the Climate Change and Public Health Strategic Plan 2015-2020 had key components of vision, missions, strategies, indicators, measures, responsible and supporting agencies, and enabling environment that needed to push the Strategic Plan forward. The key contents of the final draft of the Climate Change and Public Health Strategic Plan 2015-2020 are as followings:
Thailand acquires immunity and its public health is ready to cope with the climate change impacts by collectively integrating all sectors’ capability aimed for good health and well-being of the Thai population.
- To be the national climate change and public health implementing framework for all sectors of the country
- To strengthen health system through adequate preventive measures, preparedness, timely response and effective health service system in order to protected population’s health and have adaptive capacity from climate change
- To communicate and distribute knowledge and understanding aimed at raising awareness of Thai population on health impacts from the climate change as well as public health adaptation.
- To build mechanisms so as to promote and enable government sector, private business, and civil society to bring in health threat dimension incorporated into their climate change risk management policy, plan, and activity.
- To develop disease surveillance system and build health service’s capacity in coping with health impacts from the climate change.
- To initiate research and development of knowledge on health and climate change, explore and invent tools on health impact assessment, vulnerability, adaptation capability of public health toward climate change impact, as well as facilitate public health sector in reduction of greenhouse gases.
Strategy 1: To develop information and communication system aimed for use in distribution of knowledge and understanding to public in preparation of coping with health impacts from the climate change.
The strategy focuses on building knowledge, understanding, and raising awareness of the public on health impacts from the climate change. It also aims to equip the public in coping with the possible health impacts and to promote the Thai population to get involved in management and resolving of health consequences from the climate change.
Strategy 2: To develop mechanisms for forging cooperation within health sector agencies and also with concerned organizations as well as private sector and local government, in order to collectively build immunity and public health coping and adapting capability to the climate change impacts.
The strategy stresses on building mechanisms to merge collaborative efforts between health agencies together with those outside health sectors also including private and public sectors to reduce and prevent health impacts from the climate change. Their plans and projects are subject to taking consideration of health impacts and health co-benefits from greenhouse gases reduction of sector plans and projects.
Strategy 3: To develop and build capability of public health system in coping with health impact incidences from the climate change.
This strategy emphasizes to promote and expand the role of the public health system in curative, preventive, and rehabilitation cares relating to the climate change. The public health system is expected to play a proactive role in preparation of prevention of health impacts as well as building health personnel’s capacity to perform such mandate effectively.
Strategy 4: To develop the surveillance system, warning system, communication, and prevention health risks from the climate change impacts.
This strategy focuses on development of diseases and health threats surveillance system in relation to the climate change, this also includes development of database and risk mapping for use in communication, warning, prevention of health risks, as well as planning for population’s health safeguard.
Strategy 5: To research and development of knowledge on public health and the climate change, as well as to explore innovation for safeguarding health from the climate impacts.
This strategy highlights knowledge and innovation development which special focus on health and climate change in Thailand. This also includes; establishing research network, building capacity of researchers at all levels, exchanging and transferring knowledge, developing innovations, and increasing effective research data management.
Strategy 6: To advocate the public health sectors in reducing of greenhouse gases and facilitating communities in prevention and minimization of climate impacts.
This strategy emphasizes to encourage the public health sectors taking a participatory action in reducing of greenhouse gases from their related activities both of direct and indirect facilitating roles, such as energy saving, waste reduction etc. This also includes promoting and supporting local communities in adapting to the climate impacts and reducing of greenhouse gases.
Guidance to moving the Climate Change and Public Health Strategic Plan 2015-2020 forward, the World Health Organization has recommended the member countries, including Thailand, to establish the National Focal Point for Climate Change and Health. This agency will act as the fundamental mechanism to execute all activities related to health and the climate change in cooperation with concerned agencies. The focal point agency also has the prime role in pushing this Strategic Plan through the National Climate Change Policy Committee chaired by the Prime Minister, by integrating this Strategic Plan into Thailand Climate Change Master Plan 2013-2050 and also mainstreaming the health and climate change activities into the Health Development Plans at National, Provincial, District, Sub-district, and Village levels.
Download: Public Health Strategic Plan 2015-2020
Additional information: http://eng.moph.go.th/