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COP21 Paris Agreement

Department of Environmetal Qulity Promotion

Department of Environmetal Qulity Promotion

COP21 Paris Agreement

Parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) reached a landmark agreement on December 12 in Paris, charting a fundamentally new course in the two-decade-old global climate effort.

Culminating a four-year negotiating round, the new treaty ends the strict differentiation between developed and developing countries that characterized earlier efforts, replacing it with a common framework that commits all countries to put forward their best efforts and to strengthen them in the years ahead. This includes, for the first time, requirements that all parties report regularly on their emissions and implementation efforts, and undergo international review.

By Presidencia de la República Mexicana – https://www.flickr.com/photos/presidenciamx/22802505643/, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45354666

The agreement and a companion decision by parties were the key outcomes of the conference, known as the 21st session of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties, or COP 21.  Together, the Paris Agreement and the accompanying COP decision:

  • Reaffirm the goal of limiting global temperature increase well below 2 degrees Celsius, while urging efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees;
  • Establish binding commitments by all parties to make “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs), and to pursue domestic measures aimed at achieving them;
  • Commit all countries to report regularly on their emissions and “progress made in implementing and achieving” their NDCs, and to undergo international review;
  • Commit all countries to submit new NDCs every five years, with the clear expectation that they will “represent a progression” beyond previous ones;
  • Reaffirm the binding obligations of developed countries under the UNFCCC to support the efforts of developing countries, while for the first time encouraging voluntary contributions by developing countries too;
  • Extend the current goal of mobilizing $100 billion a year in support by 2020 through 2025, with a new, higher goal to be set for the period after 2025;
  • Extend a mechanism to address “loss and damage” resulting from climate change, which explicitly will not “involve or provide a basis for any liability or compensation;”
  • Require parties engaging in international emissions trading to avoid “double counting;” and
  • Call for a new mechanism, similar to the Clean Development Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol, enabling emission reductions in one country to be counted toward another country’s NDC.

Thailand context 

Thailand attended COP21, in December, 2015, Following COP21,  Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha, Thailand said that Thailand has adopted the Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy as a way to carry out sustainable development in the country as part  of his speech delivered in Paris at the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change.

Prayut Chan-O-Cha, Prime miniter of Thailand attended COP21, 2015, in Paris, France
Source by: http://www.thaiembassy.fr

Prayut Chan-O-Cha, Prime minister of Thailand attened COP21 in Paris, France

The Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy, inspired by the vision of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, focuses on sustainable growth, on the basis on “moderation, reasonableness, and self-immunity.” Thailand has endorsed this philosophy as one of its leading policies for years in order to meet the challenges from both internal and external changes.

With Thailand’s reduction emission target, Thailand pledges a 20 to 25 percent reduction in its emission of greenhouse gases by 2030. The country has launched several environmental campaigns, especially those concerning garbage disposal and reforestation in ASEAN. It also promotes the use of eco-cars and electric trains and has a roadmap to reduce haze pollution.

 

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