The chain effects of climate change have the potential to increase the risk of disaster exposure (UNDP, 2015). There is the interconnection between climate and disaster resilience. The IPCC descripts the definition of the resilience as “the ability of a system to return to a predisturbed state without incurring any lasting fundamental change”(IPCC, 2015). In other words, it is the ability to recover form negative events of climate change which includes the preparedness and strategy development in advance (Barry and Wandel, 2006). In order to cope with the disaster, buildup of the resilience results in restriction of devastation (UKAID, 2011).
Thai Disaster Resilience
With the support of UNDP and the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM) published the guideline of disaster risks reduction in 2014 and framed the national policies regarding disaster prevention and mitigation in 2015. The four policies include (DDMP, 2015):
- Strengthen community based disaster prevention
- Build up the effective disaster response and mitigation
- Develop the thorough and equal recovery system that in line with victim’s needs.
- Encourage the effective multi-national collaborations on disaster risk management
According to the DDPM guideline, it provided the sectoral samples of disaster risk reduction activities. These activities consist of two parts: disaster preventive and mitigation acts and preparedness acts (DDMP, 2014).
Firstly, the disaster preventive and mitigation acts emphasize on the acts which reduce the altitude of risk and its likelihood by considering in two perspectives: i.e. infrastructure activities and non-infrastructure activities.
Secondly, preparedness acts underline the protection of lives and properties by all stakeholders, effectively and promptly. There are two aspects of this readiness: the adaptation of lifestyle to abate the disaster risk, and preparedness to withstand the catastrophe according to four dimensions of disaster resilience:
- Community sector
- Agriculture sector
- Tourism sector
- Industrial, Business, Commercial, and Investment sectors
- UNDP. 2015. Climate and disaster resilience. http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/ourwork/climate-and-disaster-resilience/overview.html
- UKAID.2011. Defining Disaster Resilience: What does it mean for DFID?. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/67451/Defining-Disaster-Resilience-summary.pdf
- DDMP. 2014. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) for sustainable development. http://www.undp.org/content/dam/thailand/docs/หนังสือการลดความเสี่ยงจากภัยพิบัติสู่การพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืน_DRRGuideline.pdf